Does a COVID 19 Screening Test nullify the fast?

May 13, 2020

 

 

 

ACJU/FTW/2020/04

06.05.2020

12.09.1441

 

Assalamu Alaikum Warahmathullaahi Wa Barakaathuhu!

Question: Does a COVID 19 Screening Test nullify the fast?

All Praises are worthy to Allah alone. May Peace and Blessings be showered upon his final Messenger Muhammad (PBUH), his family and companions!

There is a consensus among the religious scholars that if anything that could be consumed as food or drink reaches the stomach, the fast is nullified. This ruling is derived from the Holy Quran, Surah Al-Baqarah - Verse 187, and many Ahadith.

Similarly, if materials that cannot be consumed as food (e.g. stones, iron etc.) reach the stomach, the fast would still be nullified. This is also a view shared by the majority of the scholars including those of the four schools of thought (Mad’habs).

The following statement by Ibnu Abbas (Rali) is in support of this view:

“Fasting is nullified by the introduction of objects into the body (through the openings)” (Saheeh Bukhari).

Scholars of the Shafie Mad’hab state that if a person who is fasting willingly inserts an object into the mouth, whilst he is concious of his fast, and that object goes beyond the central part of the throat, then the person’s fast would be nullified; similarly if a person who is fasting, inserts any particle through the nose, and if that particle goes beyond the internal nasal cavity (known as Khaishoom), then the person’s fast would be nullified. This is also the view of the scholars of the Hanbali Mad’hab.

The view expressed by the scholars of the Hanafi Mad’hab is that, the fast would be nullified only if the inserted object is concealed fully into the body; thus, if a portion of it is still visible or is inserted and taken out, the fast wouldn’t be nullified. The scholars of the Maliki Mad’hab are of the view that, if any solid particles reach the throat, the fast won’t be nullified, except if it reaches the stomach.

 

Hence, according to the views of the scholars of the Hanafi Mad’hab, the COVID 19 Screening test, which is carried out by inserting a swab through the nose or mouth to take out a sample of

Secretions, doesn’t invalidate the fast. The views of the scholars of the Maliki Mad’hab would also be the same, as nothing reaches stomach.

As far as the views of the scholars of the Shafi’e Mad’hab are concerned, since the swab inserted through the mouth and nose for the COVID 19 Screening test does not go beyond the limits mentioned above (which has also been confirmed by the experts in this field), such a testing procedure will not invalidate the fast.

However, if it is proved with certainty that this instrument goes beyond the above mentioned limits, the fast will be nullified. The missed fast should be made up for on another day.

We kindly urge the Muslims to fully cooperate with the relevant officials in this regard.

Allah the Almighty is the All Knowing.

 

 

Ash Sheikh M.L.M Ilyas                                         

Secretary - Fatwa Committee                               

All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama                              

 

 Ash Sheikh I.L.M Hashim Soori

 Supervisor - Fatwa Division

 All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama

 

Ash Sheikh M.M.A Mubarak                               

Secretary                                                                

All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama                             

 

Ash Sheikh Mufti M.I.M Rizwe

President

All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama

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