09.05.2020
15.09.1441

Assalamu Alaikum Warahmathullaahi Wa Barakaathuhu

Some guidelines on carrying out the Zakathul Fitr this year

1. Zakatul Fitr is a charity that becomes obligatory when the crescent for the month of Shawwal is sighted, upon those who can afford it. The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Zakatul Fitr purifies the sins of a person who has fasted, and is a sustenance for the poor.”

2. Generally, Zakatul Fitr becomes obligatory upon the sighting of the crescent for Shawwaal. However, according to the Shafi Mad’hab, it can be discharged from the time the crescent of Ramadhan is sighted.

3. Although it would be permissible to give the equivalent monetary value according to the Hanafi Mad’hab, majority of the scholars like Imam Malik, Imam Shafi and Imam Ahmed share the view that the main grain that is consumed has to be given. It cannot be replaced with its equivalent monetary value. This is the most authentic view.

4. The amount payable as Zakatul Fitr “one Saa’”, i.e 2.4 Kilogram per person.

5. Due to the prevailing situation in the country, it would be very difficult to look for those in need and pay the Zakatul Fitr to them personally.

6. We urge the prominent people of the town/Masjid Boards/charity organizations that function in the town to make the following arrangements:
• Decide the value of 2.4 Kilogram of rice, define a payment period,
• Make a public announcement that this would be issued to the needy,
• Collect the payments from those who could afford to pay,
• Purchase the rice on behalf of them,
• Thereafter distribute them among those who are eligible to receive Zakath, before the festival prayers.

 

Ash Sheikh M.L.M. Ilyas
Secretary – Fatwa Committee
All Ceylon Jammiyyathul Ulama

 

 

 

ACJU/FTW/2020/04

06.05.2020

12.09.1441

 

Assalamu Alaikum Warahmathullaahi Wa Barakaathuhu!

Question: Does a COVID 19 Screening Test nullify the fast?

All Praises are worthy to Allah alone. May Peace and Blessings be showered upon his final Messenger Muhammad (PBUH), his family and companions!

There is a consensus among the religious scholars that if anything that could be consumed as food or drink reaches the stomach, the fast is nullified. This ruling is derived from the Holy Quran, Surah Al-Baqarah - Verse 187, and many Ahadith.

Similarly, if materials that cannot be consumed as food (e.g. stones, iron etc.) reach the stomach, the fast would still be nullified. This is also a view shared by the majority of the scholars including those of the four schools of thought (Mad’habs).

The following statement by Ibnu Abbas (Rali) is in support of this view:

“Fasting is nullified by the introduction of objects into the body (through the openings)” (Saheeh Bukhari).

Scholars of the Shafie Mad’hab state that if a person who is fasting willingly inserts an object into the mouth, whilst he is concious of his fast, and that object goes beyond the central part of the throat, then the person’s fast would be nullified; similarly if a person who is fasting, inserts any particle through the nose, and if that particle goes beyond the internal nasal cavity (known as Khaishoom), then the person’s fast would be nullified. This is also the view of the scholars of the Hanbali Mad’hab.

The view expressed by the scholars of the Hanafi Mad’hab is that, the fast would be nullified only if the inserted object is concealed fully into the body; thus, if a portion of it is still visible or is inserted and taken out, the fast wouldn’t be nullified. The scholars of the Maliki Mad’hab are of the view that, if any solid particles reach the throat, the fast won’t be nullified, except if it reaches the stomach.

 

Hence, according to the views of the scholars of the Hanafi Mad’hab, the COVID 19 Screening test, which is carried out by inserting a swab through the nose or mouth to take out a sample of

Secretions, doesn’t invalidate the fast. The views of the scholars of the Maliki Mad’hab would also be the same, as nothing reaches stomach.

As far as the views of the scholars of the Shafi’e Mad’hab are concerned, since the swab inserted through the mouth and nose for the COVID 19 Screening test does not go beyond the limits mentioned above (which has also been confirmed by the experts in this field), such a testing procedure will not invalidate the fast.

However, if it is proved with certainty that this instrument goes beyond the above mentioned limits, the fast will be nullified. The missed fast should be made up for on another day.

We kindly urge the Muslims to fully cooperate with the relevant officials in this regard.

Allah the Almighty is the All Knowing.

 

 

Ash Sheikh M.L.M Ilyas                                         

Secretary - Fatwa Committee                               

All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama                              

 

 Ash Sheikh I.L.M Hashim Soori

 Supervisor - Fatwa Division

 All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama

 

Ash Sheikh M.M.A Mubarak                               

Secretary                                                                

All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama                             

 

Ash Sheikh Mufti M.I.M Rizwe

President

All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama

Ref: ACJU/PRE/2020/004

07.05.2020

Dr. Anil Jasinghe,
Director General of Health Services

Respected Sir,

Clarification on the ambiguity on burying the ashes of a Muslim who succumbed to COVID-19 and request to reverse the stance by permitting burial

We take this opportunity to extend our sincere appreciation to all the health care staff working at the front line, especially to your good-self, working tirelessly during these challenging times to overcome the COVID-19 pandemic in Sri Lanka. Indeed, you and your team are responding with courage, resolve and exemplary professionalism.

This is a kind note of clarification on any ambiguity that has surfaced on burying the ashes of a Muslim who succumbed to COVID-19.

We wish to reiterate that the Muslim community stand on this matter has always been that, a Muslim deceased due to COVID-19, should have the option of being buried, in line with the WHO guidelines and as implemented in more than 180 countries, since it is an integral part of our faith and a religious obligation of the community towards the deceased.

From the inception, we had addressed this matter in a professional and ethical manner. For the record, we wish to highlight some of the efforts made, of the many steps taken in this regard.

On 24th March a letter was sent to His Excellency the President requesting to amend the standard operating procedure issued by JMO, to include the option of burial for the COVID 19 deaths. We appreciate the authorities for considering our request along with other civil organizations and making necessary changes and issuing a new “Provisional Clinical Practice Guidelines on COVID-19 suspected and confirmed patients” on the 27th of March, with the provisions for burial.

But unfortunately, on the 31st of March, the above ‘Guidelines’ was revised suddenly and provision for the burial removed.  Thereafter on the 1st of April, we issued a statement expressing our disappointment on behalf of Muslim community for reversing the decision and requesting the relevant authorities to revise the decision in line with the WHO guidelines with the provisions for burial. Following which, a Team of Doctors were appointed to discuss related matters with the authorities and after these discussions, it was agreed to appoint a panel of experts to conduct a scientific study on this matter, but it did not realize.

We, the ACJU as a responsible organization, have always guided our community to obey the law of the land at all times.  In this context, responding to a query on what would be guidance in the given circumstances, that is, only cremation being allowed, it was stated the ashes of the deceased has to be buried, if given.

It is our moral and ethical duty to abide by the law of the country and to guide people towards it. But it does not imply that we endorse nor consent to this ruling as it is against our religious principles. Nevertheless, we shall continue to make ethical endeavors to make representations to the authorities on this matter.

In line with the World Health Organization guidelines and as adopted by as many as 180 countries, we re-appeal once again to your good self to reconsider the decision taken to dispose of the dead bodies of confirmed and suspected cases of COVID 19 and provide the option of the burial of bodies, while complying with all mandatory precautions and with the supervision of police and PHI.

Due to the sensitive nature of the matter we re-appeal for this provision, and wish to emphasize that we shall comply with all the required standards such as preparing the grave with the depth of 8 feet, if required to cement the grave with concrete or any other related measures shall be abided as required. We kindly request your urgent attention in this regard.

Yours Sincerely,

On Behalf of the Executive Committee of the All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama.

 

Mufti M.I.M. Rizwe
President - ACJU


Signatories:

Ash Shaikh A.C.M. Agar Mohamed
Deputy President – ACJU

Ash Shaikh M.M.A. Mubarak
General Secretary – ACJU

Ash Shaikh A.L.M. Khaleel
Treasurer - ACJU

Ash Shaikh H. Omardeen
Vice President – ACJU

Ash Shaikh A.L.M. Rila
Vice President – ACJU

Ash Shaikh M.J. Abdul Khaliq
Vice President – ACJU

Ash Shaikh A.L.M. Hashim
Vice President – ACJU

Ash Shaikh S.H. Atham Bawa
Vice President – ACJU

Ash Shaikh M.M.M. Murshid
Asst. Secretary – ACJU

Ash Shaikh M.S.M. Thassim
Asst. Secretary – ACJU

Ash Shaikh A.M.M. Anas
Asst. Treasurer - ACJU

Ash Shaikh M.L.M. llyas
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh M.F.M. Fazil
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh K.M. Muksith
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh Arqam Nooramith
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh Hassan Fareed
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh (Mufti) M.H.M. Yoosuf
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh A.C.M. Fazil
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh S.L. Nawfer
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh M.K. AbdurRahman
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh S.A.M. Jawfar
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh Abdullah Mahmood
Executive Committee Member – ACJU

Ash Shaikh A.R. AbdurRahman
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh M.H.M. Burhan
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh Hazbullah
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh Zarook
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh Dr. Azwer
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh Zaky Ahmed
Executive Committee Member – ACJU

Ash Shaikh Nooman
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh Dr. M. L. M. Mubarak
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh M.S.M. Farood
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

Ash Shaikh M.A.A.M. Bishir
Executive Committee Member - ACJU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACJU/MED/2020/001

06.05.2020

Important Guidelines regarding the relaxation of curfew and the remaining days of Ramadhaan

Despite the impact of Covid-19 being still prevalent, the enforced curfew is in the process of being relaxed methodically in order to meet the essential needs of the public. During this period it is important for us to be vigilant, safe and take precautions in our activities. While completely adhering to the guidelines issued by the Government, the ACJU also urges the Muslims to follow the ensuing guidelines as well:

  • The ACJU is pleased to observe the community following the previously issued guidelines by ACJU regarding Ramadhaan, and prays for all to be successful in both worlds. In addition to following these guidelines, we request all to be more attentive in performance of Salaah, Quran recitation, Dua and other acts of worship.

 

  • As the impact of Covid-19 is still prevalent and the Government is in the process of relaxing the curfew methodically, our vigilance and adherence to the guidelines of the Health Ministry shall pave way for the safety of ourselves, our families and the people of our country.

 

  • Special attention should be paid in maintaining social distancing as it has been identified that the lack of social distancing in public gatherings, may increase the spread of this virus. Wearing a mask, frequent washing of the hands, refraining from leaving the houses unnecessarily and other related guidelines by the Health Ministry should be followed. As it is the teaching of Islam in such situations to adhere to the set guidelines, as above, the Muslim community should follow them in an exemplary manner.

 

  • During the forthcoming Eid season, we should completely refrain from gathering in large crowds to make purchases, and follow the related guidelines set by the Government and the Health Ministry and as a precautionary measure, we should seek ‘Home Delivery’ services, as much as possible, to make necessary purchases.

 

  • Considering the prevailing situation in the country, arrangements should be made to celebrate Eid in a humble manner within the household members. (Insha Allah, a detailed guidance regarding Eid, shall be issued by ACJU as required).

 

  • As the curfew has been prolonging for several weeks, there are many who depend on daily wages and are suffering due to the inability to meet their daily needs. We should offer them assistance in all possible means regardless of race or religion. It is preferable, to minimize our festival expenses as much as possible and to spend in such worthy causes.

 

  • While engaging in charitable activities in abundance during this period, ‘Sadaqat ul Fitr’ should also be offered in the due prescribed manner.

 

  • Masjids should continue to comply with the related guidelines previously issued by the Waqf Board and the Department of Muslim Religious and Cultural Affairs.

 

  • Considering that even the gatherings for prayers at Masjids are not permitted currently, we Muslims should completely avoid all forms of social gatherings.

Even though the curfew is being lifted, being vigilant, and following the relevant guidelines accurately would prevent us and the society from unnecessary problems.

Therefore, the ACJU requests all Muslims to follow the above guidelines, and pray, during this Holy Month of Ramadhaan, for quick relief from the impacts of this Virus and for the return of lives to normalcy.

 

Ash-Shaikh M.M.A. Mubarak

General Secretary

All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama

 

Note: ACJU kindly requests Trustees of Masjids to make necessary arrangement to read out these guidelines to the public at an appropriate time, via Masjid loudspeakers after Azan, and also requests all to cooperate in implementing these guidelines.

ACJU/NGS/2020/007

2020.04.20 (1441.08.26)

Regarding the Heinous Terror Attack on Easter Sunday Last Year - 2019

We wish to express our intense grief and emotional pain, along with entire Nation in sadly commemorating the barbaric suicidal terror attacks that took place on Easter Sunday on the 21st of April 2019. We reiterate, that we vehemently condemn this inhuman cruel deed, in the strongest possible terms.

We also extend our deepest sympathies and condolences to the families of all those who lost their lives and those who were injured, and we pray to Almighty that all those who are suffering due to the loss of their loved ones, to be blessed with solace and to be compensated with all forms of good fortune in life.

There is no dissent to the fact that, the massacre of innocent worshippers who were involved in prayers at their places of worship, and those of the public, was an act that was completely antithetical to the teachings of Islam. The perpetrators were the enemies of humanity. Whoever were involved in these crimes must be punished.

The Holy Quran states “….whoever kills a person not in retaliation for a person killed, nor (as a punishment) for spreading disorder on the earth, is as if he has killed the whole of humankind and whoever saves the life of a person is as if he has saved the life of the whole of humankind….” Surah Ma’idah Verse 32.

It is well known that any religion including Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism and Islam does not endorse nor approve violence. However, considering the followers of any religion, there are those who engage in evil and destructive activities in the name of their religion but they are completely contradictory to the teachings of their respective religious beliefs. On this basis, it should be noted that based on the despicable activities of some misguided individuals, it is not fair to evaluate a particular religious belief or its followers

We take this opportunity to extend our whole hearted appreciation to His Eminence Cardinal Malcolm Ranjith for the commendable efforts in consoling the community and to those who were effected for adopting calmness and peace, which prevented a repercussion against the Muslim community.

Furthermore we wish to emphasize that, as children of this Motherland, it is important that we make efforts to resolve our concerns and ease out our differences in opinions through mutual dialogue.

Let us all realize that it is the time for all of us to arise, beyond religious, language and regional differences, as Sri Lankans, to unite and build our nation.

May Allah protect our nation from all dangers and disasters! May He make this a garden of serenity where peace and tranquility prevails!

 

 

Ash Shaikh M.M.A. Mubarak

General Secretary - ACJU

 

ACJU/NGS/2020/003

17.04.2020 (23.08.1441)

Ramadhaan Guidance in the prevailing situation

Allah has honoured the Month of Ramadhaan by the revelation of the Holy Quran. Ramadan is a month of patience and Dua. This is a month where we Muslims, should be engaged abundantly in good deeds, under the guidance of the Ulama, with much enthusiasm and calmness.

Unlike the past, we are expecting Ramadhaan this year, under a very different context. Due to the ongoing COVID 19 virus pandemic most of the countries have shut down. We are aware that the Government of our country also has taken various measures to curb the spread of this disease, and has implemented curfews in-order to prevent public gatherings completely.

Hence, as Muslims who honour the laws of our country, the ACJU kindly urges all the Muslims to adhere to the following guidelines, when engaging in good deeds during the month of Ramadhaan,

Important etiquettes and guidelines to be followed during the Month of Ramadhaan:

  1. As a blessed month in which Duas are accepted, prayers should be made for the relief from the difficult situation that has gripped the world, for the return of normalcy in the lives of people, for the fulfilment of our needs and for the people of our country to be blessed with a bountiful life. The auspicious the times of ‘Iftaar’ (breaking of fast), Suhoor (pre-dawn meal), and the time between Azan and Iqamath should be utilized in engaging in Duas in abundance.
  1. As the Month of the revelation of the Holy Quran, a close relationship with the Quran should be developed. It is an obligation upon us to engaging in the recitation of the Quran, to practice upon its teachings in our lives and to disseminate its teachings to others as well.
  • A guidance will be issued by the Maktab Headoffice for the students of Maktab and Quran Madrasas, for the recitation of the Quran daily. Accordingly we request the cooperation of the parents to guide and motivate the children to implement it in an effective manner.
  • Imams, Madrasa Usthads, Maktab Mu’allims, Mu’allimaas and Mu’aawins are all requested to make maximum utilization of this period. Those who are able to use Social Media platforms in a proper manner, are urged to facilitate in reciting, teaching, and the learning of the Quran for the public; this is an essential need of the hour.
  • Every individual must engage in reciting the Quran in abundance, and at least make an effort to complete one Juzu daily.

 

  1. Considering the current circumstances, engage in the five obligatory prayers, Taraweeh and other prayers in congregation within the household members only. Strictly avoid joining or inviting neighbours for the prayers.
  1. Prepare a time table for the family on daily prayers, A’mals and other house work, and ensure it is implemented among all members in the family.
  1. As instructed earlier, avoid conducting five obligatory prayers, Jumu’ah prayers and gathering any other congregational activities at Masjids until further notice. Trustees of the Masjids are strongly emphasised to strictly abide by the related guidelines issued by the Department of Muslim Religious and Cultural Affairs and the Waqf Board.
  1. Adhere to the guidelines which were already jointly issued by the ACJU, Police Headquarters and other institutions.
  1. Much attention should be given to the performing acts of worships and observing night prayers at home and thereby refraining from wasting of time. Especially avoid wasting time on Social Media and other unnecessary matters.
  1. Refrain from indulging in arguments over matters which are subjected to differences of opinion and follow the guidance of Ulama calmly.
  • The booklet on ‘Unity Declaration’ issued by the ACJU should be read and shared with others as well.
  • The Book ‘Social Unity – Need of the hour and a Religious obligation’ (Tamil) published by ACJU should be read and benefitted.

 

  1. Since people who depend on daily wages are unable to fulfil their daily needs, engage and expedite the Masjid centred relief activities.
  • As bearers of humanity, the needy should be identified and our Sadaqa and Hadiya contributions should be made to all, regardless of religious and racial differences.
  • Those who are eligible to give Zakat, should consult the Ulama and receive proper guidance to execute it in the appropriate manner.

 

  1. Those who wish to engage in relief activities and to assist the poor, should contact the nearest Police Station and obtain necessary permissions to do so.
  1. While engaging in night prayers at homes, especially during the time of Suhoor, it should be ensured that no disturbances are caused to others in the neighbourhood, and the volumes of the Radios and Televisions should be sufficient enough for the household only.
  1. The Ulama and the prominent people of the locality, should pay special attention towards guiding the Youth, and to implement all possible efforts to guide them to spend their time in activities pleasing to Allah.
  1. According to religious guidance, one’s fast is not invalidated due to the swallowing of saliva.

Yet the chest phlegm or mucus should be discharged and cannot be swallowed. Health officials have warned that it is possible that Coronavirus infection could spread through them. Hence, spitting at public places should be avoided and special attention should be given in following the health guidelines.

  1. With regard to implementing the above guidelines and advices all ACJU Divisional Branch members, Masjid Trustees and the Muslim community are kindly requested to cooperate.

Therefore, let us follow these guidelines and gain the utmost blessings from this Holy Month of Ramadhaan.

May Almighty Allah protect us all from this Coronavirus that has afflicted the entire world, and Bless our Motherland with unity, peaceful coexistence and understanding among all people!

Wassalam.

 

Ash Shaikh M.M.A. Mubarak

General Secretary - ACJU

2020.04.13

SINHALA AND TAMIL NEW YEAR MESSAGE

The most important cultural festival of the Sinhalese and Tamils of Sri Lanka, which is the Sinhala & Tamil New Year, is not being celebrated this year, as it was done in the previous years, due to the prevailing Corona pandemic situation.

With the dawn of this New Year, abiding by the guidelines of the Ministry of Health with determination, we pray that every one of us should unitedly make effort to save our Motherland from this pandemic.

The ACJU wish to extend our sincere appreciation and our best wishes to the Government, members of Government services, and especially to the members of the Health services, Armed forces, Police and all those who are rendering services with dedication, to save our Nation from this critical situation.

 

Ash Shaikh M.M.A. Mubarak

General Secretary - ACJU