ACJU/FTW/2020/30-414



2020.11.16
1442.03.29

 

Assalamu alaikum wa rahmathullahi wa barakathuhu

 

There have been many requests from different parts of the country seeking guidance in regards to performing Jumu'ah in this critical situation, in a restricted environment.

 

Jumu'ah prayers has its own salient features, and is more rewarding, has stricter regulations and the warnings for missing it are more severe in comparison to other obligatory prayers.

 

The guidance of the Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam in regards to jumma prayers is that all the people should gather in one place and offer prayers collectively, unlike other obligatory prayers.

 

From amongst the many regulations and conditions for the validity of Jumu'ah, one is the requirement of a minimum number of permanent residents from the locality.

 

The scholars have differed in regards to this minimum number, based on the evidence that they have come across. The scholars of the Shafi'i and the Hanbali schools of thought, as well as some other scholars, are of the opinion that the minimum requirement is 40 persons. Whereas the scholars from the Hanafi and Maliki schools of thought permit the conducting of Jumu'ah with less than 40 persons.

 

A detailed fatwa in this regard was issued by the fatwa division of ACJU dated 2017.11.12.

 

In the previous guidelines issued on the 16th of June 2020 and the 5th of November 2020, the ACJU had advised, based on the stronger opinion of the Shafi'i mazhab, that Jumu'ah could be conducted only with the presence of 40 or more persons, and in the situation where less than forty have gathered, Luhr Salah should be read.

 

However, owing to the  current situation, more restrictions have been imposed, and the number of persons permitted to gather in the mosques, at one given time, has been reduced to 25. Many have raised a concern and fear that if this condition prolongs, people would become unmindful of the significance of Jumu'ah. Hence, the  ACJU has issued the following guidelines to the people:

 

1) Some scholars of Shafi'i mazhab have held the opinion that Jumu'ah prayers would be valid even with less than 40 persons. However, the fatwa of Shafi'i mazhab is that a minimum of 40 persons is required. Hence, due to this difference of opinion, it would be preferable to conduct Jumu'ah prayers and follow it up with Luhr prayers.

 

2) The minimum requirement for the validity of Jumu'ah prayers according to the Maliki mazhab is 12 persons, and the minimum requirement according to the Hanafi mazhab is 3 persons excluding the Imam. Based on the abovementioned mazhabs, Jumu'ah prayers could be conducted with less than 40 persons, as long as the other conditions mentioned by the respective mazhabs are fulfilled. Thereafter, it will be preferable to follow it up with Luhr Salah, based on the Shafi'i mazhab.

 

We would also like to bring to your notice that one of the great scholars of our country, al-Alim Abdul Samad (Makhdoomi, Bahji) Rahmatullahi alaihi, had also issued a similar fatwa.

 

Further clarifications on these guidelines could be saught from alims in your area.

 

Allah knows best

 

Ash shaikh M.L.M Ilyas
Secretary, Fatwa Committee
All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama

 

Ash shaikh I.L.M Hashim Soori
Supervisor, Fatwa Division
All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama

 

Ash shaikh M.I.M Rizwe Mufti
President
All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama

 

2018.03.08

Considering the prevailing situation of the country All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama request the Muslim Community to strictly adhere to the below etiquettes on the day of Jumuah, 09th March 2018.

  1. We urge the Muslim Community to take all precautionary measures to protect Masjids, Houses and Business premises in the locality. Those who are involved in protecting the aforesaid properties can pray Luhar instead of Jumuah since for them Jumuah Salah will not be compulsory.
  2. If Jumuah is conducted in more than two masjids, the timings of Jumuah prayers can be adjusted by the board of trustees, if required.
  3. We request the Muslim Community to corporate pleasantly with security forces who are deployed to safeguard the Muslims and its properties.
  4. We request Khateebs to conclude the Khutuba and Jumuah Salah within 25 minutes and to conduct the Jumuah as per the guidelines stated by ACJU.
  5. Due to these unforeseen incidents, Muslim Community in our country is in deep grief, hence we urge Khateebs to conduct the Jumuah Kuthaba in a manner that will not provoke their sentiments and speak words that would comfort and bring confidence in them.
  6. We request Muslim Community to turn towards Almighty Allah and indulge in Dua, Isthigfhar, Sadaka and Fasting in order to bring a peaceful situation to the local and international Muslim Community.
  7. Since Emergency law has been imposed in the country we earnestly request the Muslim Community to disperse peacefully soon after Jumuah.

 

Ash-Shaikh Ilyas Mahmood

Secretary - Fatwa Division

All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama